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A Protestant friend claims that the Catholic Church is Arminian rather than Calvinistic. Is this correct?




Full Question

A Protestant friend claims that the Catholic Church is Arminian rather than Calvinistic. Is this correct?

Answer

The Catholic Church cannot be said to be “Arminian” because it came before Arminianism and is not a product of that theology. Rather, it is better to say that Calvinism and Arminianism agree with Catholicism on some issues and disagree with it on others.

Calvinism was formulated by John Calvin in the sixteenth century. Calvin, in his Institutes of the Christian Religion, wove together a systematic theology that eventually would be remembered by the acronym TULIP. TULIP stands for total depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints.

Arminianism, named for its principal theologian, Jacobus Arminius, can be distilled to the five points it made that provoked a reaction from Calvinists, known as the Five Articles of the Remonstrants: apart from grace man cannot save himself or do anything truly good, conditional election, unlimited atonement, resistible grace, and the possibility of apostasy. (The first of these converges with Calvinism’s understanding of total depravity, though later Arminians and Calvinists have developed this idea differently.)

In some respects Catholicism and Calvinism agree (e.g., Catholic theologians from Thomas Aquinas to Robert Bellarmine have taught unconditional election) and in some they disagree (the Church does not teach that all believers are predestined to persevere in the faith). In some respects Catholicism and Arminianism agree (the Church teaches universal redemption) and in some they can disagree (the Church allows for the possibility of unconditional election).





6 comments

  1. Michael Reply

    The real question here is 1) do Catholics believe in predestination (Calvinism) or free will (Arminianism); and do Catholics believe in the possibility of apostasy (Arminianism) or that those destined for salvation are protected from ever losing it and those not destined are prevented from ever gaining it (Calvinism)? On both these counts, with which these two theologies are primarily associated, Catholic teaching agrees far more closely with Arminianism.

  2. Michael Reply

    Indeed, Arminius’ biggest departure from Catholic teaching was his denial of the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, a point on which he agreed with Calvin.

  3. Boniface mutale Reply

    I’m asking for full explanation of arminian and Calvin

  4. Zi Tok Victor Reply

    Please I will to know more about Monstrance, and why is it shaped like a sun? Because someone believe that is another form of worshiping the sun god. How can I explain to him the significant?

  5. marcela b salcedo Reply

    Haaay naku Ewan wala ako naintidihan. I wonder if the people in the mountains, uneducated, cud not read and write thus cud not read the Holy Bible cud enter the kingdom of heaven????? Pity. Marami rami din sila. Why do they make faith in God Almighty soooooi verrrrry complicated.

    Moses has no religion. Yet God talked to him and entrusted to him the Ten Co

  6. Rob Ebed Reply

    Actually, Rome is just heretical and apostate.

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