Below are the Twelve Articles of the Catholic Church listed and explained:
Article One: I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth: This declares our faith, trust and dependance on the one true God, the creator of the whole Universe. The three in one God (the Trinity).
Article Two: And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord: The word Jesus meaning “Jeshua” in Hebrew means “God saves”. And Lord in Hebrew and Greek mean “Adonai which implies “divine”. Therefore, the Catholic Church believes Jesus to be divine and above all the Savior of all mankind.
Article Three: Who was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary: This affirms that Jesus is both human and divine. Jesus had a human mother but no earthly Father, rather was by the power of the Holy Spirit conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary. So the Catholic Church believes Jesus to be fully Human and fully Divine.
Article Four: He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried: This verse of the article is so that all may see that just like every other human that Christ in his earthly nature suffered pain, was condemned to suffering and death; in his quest to save all mankind. The mention of Pontius Pilate is not to vilify or attract condemnation, but to validate and clarify the history details of Christ’s suffering and death. It also reminds the faithful that one can’t blame all Jews for the death of Jesus, as some have erroneously done over the ages. Certain Jewish leaders conspired against Jesus, but the actual death sentence was given by a Roman and carried out by Roman soldiers. So both Jew and Gentile alike shared in the spilling of innocent blood. Anti-Semitism based on the Crucifixion of Jesus is inaccurate, unjust, and erroneous.
Article Five: He descended into hell: The third day he arose again from the dead. The hell referred to in this article is not the hell for the damned, where the devil and his demons resides; no! The hell referred to here is the place for the dead as the Jews and Early Christians then called it. So Jesus after the third day of his death rose again out of the abundance of his own divine powers. He rose not as a ghost or spirit but with a body. These he did to as usual prove his divinity and the great power of God.
Article Six: He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty: Christ ascended back to Heaven to meet with His Heavenly Father (God) to seat at his right hand-side of authority in Heaven. This he did before the eyes of the faithful to prove and assure them that all who follow His path will someday dwell with him and the Father.
Article Seven: He will come again to judge the living and the dead: “Judgement Day”, “Doomsday”, “Day of Reckoning”, etc are the names most people call it now but it all refers to the second coming of Christ, when he will come with the task of not salvaging the whole world again but to Judge it all.
Article Eight: I believe in the Holy Spirit: This affirms that there are three persons of God, which are God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.
Article Nine: The holy Catholic Church, the Communion of Saints: The Catholic Church is not just a mere institution or infrastructural community with facilities but a necessary spiritual growing family where all are equal before God, Jews and Gentiles alike. Where the faithfuls commune with Christ constantly.
Article Ten: The forgiveness of sins: The Catholic Church in this verse of the Article affirms an everlasting believe that Christ came to the world to die that our sins might be forgiven us. So the Church teach her faithfuls to constantly rely on Christ’s afforded grace for forgiveness of sin. The Catholic Church believe that Original Sin is forgiven in Baptism and other sins by the sacrament of Penance mainly through confession.
Article Eleven: The resurrection of the body: The Catholic Church believe that human is made up of body and soul, dying now will entail a temporary separation of the body from the soul which will be reunited again on the judgement day when Christ will come again. So the Just will go to heaven just as Christ with body and soul and the guilty will be damned to hell body and soul as well.
Article Twelve: The resurrection of the body: Before one could pass on from this life to next life he/she would die just like our Savior Jesus did. At the moment of private death before the Judgement day, Catholics believe that souls will be judged privately.
The Catholic Church believes that anyone who dies with unconfessed and unforgiven mortal sin and sins of wicked and evil deeds will be damned to hell. And those whose sins ain’t that worse to deserve hell nor good enough to go to heaven will be put in Purgatory; a middle ground between heaven and hell; a state where departed souls would go to be cleansed of any attachments to sin before going through the pearly gates to Heaven.