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Is it true Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Michael the archangel and Jesus are the same person?

Full Question

Is it true Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Michael the archangel and Jesus are the same person?

Answer

In a word, yes. The Jehovah’s Witnesses maintain that Jesus was Michael the archangel prior to his coming to earth. They assert: “Scriptural evidence indicates that the name Michael applied to God’s Son before he left heaven to become Jesus Christ and also after his return” (Aid to Bible Understanding, Watchtower Bible & Tract Society, 1971, 1152).

They arrive at this erroneous belief primarily through a misinterpretation of (1) Daniel 10:13, 21, where reference is made to a “great prince,” Michael; and (2) First Thessalonians 4:16, where the Lord Jesus is described as descending from heaven at the sound of the archangel’s voice. The JWs’ own New World Translation of the Bible reads, ” . . . the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a commanding call, with an archangel’s voice.”

According to the JWs, Michael is the only angel other than Gabriel mentioned in the Bible, and Michael is the only one who is called an archangel. (The angel Raphael is mentioned in the book of Tobit, but since the Jehovah’s Witnesses sprang from Protestantism, they use the Protestant canon of Scripture, which is missing this Old Testament book plus six others.)

Since the Lord Jesus descends from heaven “with an archangel’s voice,” the JWs understand this passage as “suggesting that he is, in fact, himself the archangel” (Aid to Bible Understanding, 1152).

While there are several problems with this line of reasoning, two points in particular easily reveal its fallacy. First, the fact that the Lord Jesus descends “with an archangel’s voice” does not automatically mean that it is his own voice spoken of. This passage simply says that an archangel’s voice will accompany the Lord’s descent from heaven, in the same manner that the bailiff’s voice (“All rise!”) accompanies the judge’s entrance into the courtroom.

Second, Hebrews 1:5 says, “For example, to which of the angels did he [God] ever say: ‘You are my son; I, today, I have become your father’?” (New World Translation). The answer to the question is, of course, “none.”

Thus, if God never called an angel his Son, then Michael–who is an angel–cannot be the Son. The fact that Michael is an archangel does not change anything, as he is still an angel by nature. An archangel is simply a “higher order” of angel, but an angel nonetheless; “arch-” simply means “ruling” or “high ranking.”










12 comments

  1. bomolemo moemedi Reply

    Maybe its best to become a Muslim. I have never seen Muslims preaching different things. The bibble is very political. There is a variety of interpretations and understandings….yet Christians use the same bubble

    1. Chika Reply

      You seem not to know what is happening. That a group sprang up and start answering one name those not make the group what they purport to represent. There is no Christianity without Jesus Christ.
      Besides, have you heard of the Sunnis and Shias Muslims in the Middle East? So, be guided.

  2. abel Reply

    ur wrong muslim is not a religion, islam

  3. Heather Reply

    Three words to reply to “I have never seen Muslims preaching different things.”: Sunni versus Shi’a.

  4. Pingback: How is the Catholic claim to infallible interpretation of the Bible different from the Jehovah’s Witnesses’ claim? | PagadianDiocese.org

  5. Emmanuel Sunday Reply

    I don’t quite agree that Micheal the archangel and Jesus aer the same person. I s not so. Why? Becuz boths hav different rotter role to play in the Heavenlyies hierarchy. Read Dan 10: 13 very well, saying ‘one of the chief princes’ does not really mean The “Prince of Peace” whic is our Lord Jesus Christ as prophecy by Isa 9: 6, and a pointing light frm Jude verse 9, make it clearer that Micheal the archangel refers to thy Lord Jesus Christ by rebuking the devil. Becuz only at the name of Jesus right was again to triumph over devil’s defeats. Phi 2: 10 – their is an heavenly order. Believe me!

  6. BOBET Reply

    for me ,..he is michael archangel ,JESUS,….WHY ,because theres no other created spirit person other than angels,..they are all angel in different rankings,..but still they ARE ALL a kind spirit personS,..so if GOD ALMIGHTY to whom you give the rank of a ARCAHANGEL,…did you think that ALMIGHTY GOD inconsistent to give THE title archangel TO the right spirit person RATHER than his begotten son JESUS,…what will happen if GIVEN TO OTHERS ,..is it there a disorder of ranking,…NOTE THAT JESUS IS A SPIRIT PERSON TOO THAT ALMIGHTY GOD CREATED,..THE FIRST BORN OF ALL CREATION,..

  7. Alexis Klatt Reply

    Michael was Jesus name in heaven, before he came to earth. In regards to the extra books found in the Catholic Bible like Torbith, Judith etc., these are not inspired by God but were left in anyway. You will not find any of them in the ancient scrolls.

    The Catholic Church was founded in the 4th Century AD by Pagan Roman Emperor Constantine., long after the great foretold Apostasy took place. Protestantism was a breakaway from Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation.

    By the this time the original teachings of Christ Jesus had been largely forgotten & replaced with doctrines of men. Case in point: The earliest Christians were “no part of the world or it’s affairs” so they were neutral as to politics and bearing arms, according to historians. They literally followed Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount, Matthew chapters 5-7 inclusive. They lived for it & died for it, refusing to compromise their beliefs.

    The only religious ground today doing this are Jehovah’s Christian Witnesses because we are a re-establishment & revival of the First Century Christianity, as practised by Jesus and his Apostles. (New Encyclopedia Canadiana)

  8. Stefaine Reply

    Why would one religion, think that it makes sense to TRY to explain another’s beliefs? Sounds like apostasy to me… [SHRUGS] Also, if the Jehovah’s Witnesses weren’t God’s TRUE followers, then why are they THE ONLY organization that doesn’t have different sects and all follow the same program WORLD WIDE. Research that one for yourself. Then pray about it…

  9. Visuca Mazo de Hopley Reply

    Fascinating! – all your ‘comments’, I mean. Have you ever wondered why God said: “This is my Son, the beloved, in whom I am well pleased”? – God (as a man), also said to St. Peter: ” You are Peter, and upon this Rock I will build my Church” – Forgive me, dear Lord if I have misquoted You; I haven’t got a Holy Bible in front of me.

  10. Maria spano Reply

    Amen .Visuca ,Perfect comment .that Holy Spirit is in you ,

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