Follow usTwitterFacebook


06 Nov 2015 News Vatican No comments

A World without Poverty - Pope Francis

In his quest towards ensuring the Catholic Church supports the poor and the needy, Pope Francis invited a homeless street vendor for an intimate meeting at the …

Read more

25 Mar 2015 Q&A Comments (19)

Did Jesus alter the commandment about observing the sabbath?

Full Question In a recent This Rock article ("Changing the Sabbath," December 1993), you stated that Christ used his authority to alter the sabbath in Matt…

Read more

30 Mar 2015 Q&A No comments

Is it possible to be Catholic and a body-builder?

Full Question Is it possible to be Catholic and a body-builder? I don't see why God would not want me to be my physical best, but I can see how he wouldn't…

Read more

08 Apr 2016 Articles No comments

Pope Francis's New Document on Marriage: 12 Things to Know and Share

Pope Francis’s much-anticipated document on the family has now been released. Here are 12 things to know and share. 1. What are the basic facts about the …

Read more

15 Apr 2016 Articles No comments

The Ultimate Apologist’s Reading List

This is not an exhaustive list, and just because a book is on this list does not mean I endorse everything in it. Instead, this list should serve as a hel…

Read more

07 Sep 2016 Articles Comments (7)

Why young Catholics love the Extraordinary Form

But don't expect them to disparage the Novus Ordo As a young Catholic growing up in an increasingly secular (or even post-secular) Britain, I am lucky to be ab…

Read more

02 Nov 2014 Articles Comments (3)

Can Lying Ever be Right?

St. Augustine wrote the first extensive treatise on lying (De Mendacio). In it he cites the case of a holy bishop, Firmus of Thagasta, who wished to protect a m…

Read more

21 Dec 2015 Q&A Comments (3)

The priest refused to administer the Sacrament of anointing the sick to my sick baby. Why?

Full Question I asked for the anointing of the sick for my very ill baby, but the priest said that the sacrament is only for people older than six years ol…

Read more

07 Sep 2015 News Vatican Comments (1)

Pope opens the Vatican to refugees, calls on Europe’s churches to follow suit

In light of the massive refugee crisis in Europe, Pope Francis announced Sunday that he will give temporary housing in the Vatican to at least two refugee famil…

Read more
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3

Is my friend’s theory that God created more than one set of first parents heretical?

Full Question

A friend told me that God created other “parents” besides Adam and Eve, including Cain’s wife. Is this heretical?


Your friend’s theory is known as polygenism, and it was addressed by Pope Pius XII in his encyclical Humani Generis:

The faithful cannot embrace that opinion that maintains that either after Adam there existed on this earth true men who did not take their origin through natural generation from him as from the first parent of all or that Adam represents a certain number of first parents. Now it is no way apparent how such an opinion can be reconciled with that which the sources of revealed truth and the documents of the teaching authority of the Church propose with regard to original sin, which proceeds from a sin actually committed by an individual Adam and which, through generation, is passed on to all and is in everyone as his own. (HG 37)

Where did Cain’s wife come? Although their names are not recorded in Scripture, Adam and Eve had other children, including daughters—Cain seems to have married his sister. This was necessary (for a time) to propagate the human race. St. Augustine explained this in The City of God, book XV. When the necessity for sibling marriage ended so, too, did God’s allowance of it.


  1. littlemissstatistician Reply

    The bible said God made Adam first. And then Eve. But I don’t recall the bible saying anything about them being the only two people he made to be the parents of the succeeding generation (Cain’s generation).

    1. greggy bartolome Reply

      Littlemissstatistician, if there’s more human had been created other than adam, it should be mentioned in genesis along with them. And remember when Cain killed Abel, even ask God for another man and that was Seth as a beloved gift from God. Why would you think that God will give eve another son if he created other man to pair for their daughters?! And remember that eve produced many beautiful daughters that makes the angels fall in love with them and made them their wives? How come that those daughters’ names never been mentioned?some of them but not all… Only all men is mentioned…

Leave a Reply

  1. most read post
  2. Most Commented
  3. Choose Categories