Memorial marking where Moses saw Promised Land reopens in Jordan

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The restored Memorial of Moses on Mount Nebo has reopened after nearly a decade

The Memorial of Moses on Mount Nebo has reopened its doors to the public amid festivities, after nearly a decade of restoration.

Believed by ancient tradition to be the site where Moses saw the Promised Land and died, a church and monastery are perched atop this 3,300-foot rugged mountain facing the northern end of the Dead Sea. It has drawn Christian pilgrims throughout the centuries and is considered one of the most important pilgrimage, tourist, and archaeological sites in Jordan and the Holy Land.

Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, the special envoy of Pope Francis and prefect of the Congregation for Eastern Churches, said he was thrilled to officiate at a place of great spiritual significance to Jews, Muslims and Christians alike.

“The spiritual treasures that this place holds today are returned to Jordan and to humanity,” Cardinal Sandri told a gathering of some 500 dignitaries, including Jordanian Tourism Minister Lina Annab, Bedouin leaders, foreign diplomats and top Catholic officials in the Middle East.

Excavations led by the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land, which acquired the area in 1932, have uncovered significant remains of an early basilica — built in 597 on fouth-century church foundation — and Byzantine mosaic pavements.

However, a simple structure sheltering these important finds was crumbling and needed to be replaced to protect the treasures it housed.

“I am very happy to represent here the Holy Father Francis and to be in the place of Moses when he received only the vision of the Promised Land,” Cardinal Sandri told the Catholic News Service as he viewed a sunset of purples and reds in the direction of Jerusalem.

“We are always walking to the Promised Land of peace, fraternity, justice, freedom for all the world in the name of Jesus Christ,” he added, as a full moon rose over the other side of the mountain, transforming the place of prayer into a magical vista.

Conveying Pope Francis’s words to the gathering, Cardinal Sandri commended Jordan for protecting precious religious and historic antiquities at a time when they have been ruthlessly destroyed in neighboring Syria and Iraq. He also praised the Arab kingdom for providing safety to refugees from war-ravaged lands.

“The kingdom of Jordan has become, in recent years, a place of welcome, hospitality, and healing for thousands of refugees and exiles,” Cardinal Sandri said.

He urged the international community to do its part to work for reconciliation in the region.

“We must set out toward a newfound freedom, in a concrete and fraternal solidarity with our neighbours, whoever they may be, especially the poor and suffering. This process demands a profound faith in God, who can never be invoked to cause terror and violence,” Cardinal Sandri said.

The custos of the Holy Land, Franciscan Father Francesco Patton, called the reopening of the sanctuary, “a gift for the present.”

“We are receiving back not simply a space, rather an invitation and a way of life,” he said.

He drew parallels between God’s close friendship with Moses and the spiritual encounter of modern-day pilgrims.

“The same Christian presence and the ancient monuments here have arisen from the desire to perpetuate and relive this experience, one that is offered to different cultures and different religions,” Fr Patton said.

St John Paul II visited Mount Nebo in March 2000 before starting his spiritual pilgrimage to the Holy Land with prayers in the basilica. Benedict XVI gave a speech there in 2009.

Mount Nebo is also an active Franciscan monastery and the headquarters of the Franciscan Archaeological Institute. It’s a popular setting for Christmas and Easter Masses. A new organ now graces the Memorial of Moses.

“Together, this is meant to be a place of prayer first and a place to visit because of the artistic mosaics that have been preserved inside,” Fr Eugenio Alliata, professor of archaeology at the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum in Jerusalem, told CNS.

He said the site is still yielding archaeological finds. While the mosaics were being restored, he said, “a tomb possibly never used, lined with beautiful alabaster stones, was discovered in the middle of the basilica.”

Visitors to Mount Nebo now find a church structure of limestone and pale wood housing more than 8,600 square feet of mosaics depicting a braided cross, flowers and fauna.

“The restoration has given new life and new colors to the most precious mosaics of the region,” Italian mosaicist Franco Sciorilli told CNS. Sciorilli served as the director of final works for the reopening of the Memorial of Moses.

Artistic adviser Eugenio Fagiani said restoring magnificent Byzantine mosaics and building a safe shelter to protect them while honouring Moses were not the only miracles to take place.

“There are so many connections between religions among the people working here to make the restoration happen,” he told CNS. “Muslims, Catholics, many Christians, so this also means that cohabitation can be possible.”

To cap the opening festivities Fagiani, also a noted Italian organist, gave a concert on the new organ following Mass celebrated by Cardinal Sandri.


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  1. Patrick Gannon Reply

    I just poked around the internet for a bit, in hopes of discovering whether the RCC still believes in the Exodus myth as a literal, historical event, or whether they treat it allegorically as they do with the creation myth, and as many Jews have come to treat this mythical event.
    .
    Apologists almost universally admit that there is no evidence for a mass migration out of Egypt that in any way supports that event as depicted in the bible. There isn’t a wagon wheel, spear tip, shield, or shard of pottery to indicate that 2 – 3 million people spent 40 years in the desert. The only explanation that works is if the pillar of fire and smoke that accompanied them was a giant vacuum cleaner sucking up all evidence of their journey. There is also no evidence of a conquest of Canaan as described, although there is evidence of Persian conquests. The bible tells us that they spent extended periods of time in certain locations, but alas, they did so without leaving a shred of evidence to indicate that they had been there. Apologists will answer that lack of evidence isn’t evidence of absence, but that’s an extremely weak argument. That we have no evidence the moon’s core is made of green cheese does not prove that the moon’s core is not made of green cheese – a pretty lame argument, right? That’s all the Exodus story has to go on.
    .
    A recent movie I know will be thrown at me, “Patterns of Evidence” attempts to show that the timeframe in the bible is not calculated correctly, arguing as people have for centuries, over when this event occurred. The thing is, if there was actual archaeological evidence for a mass Exodus, we wouldn’t have to guess at the date – we’d know by dating the evidence. That the movie attempts to guess at the date, just confirms that there is no evidence for the actual event. Surely there were small migrations back and forth from peoples all over the middle east, and maybe some small group of 600 migrants ate some magic mushrooms and wrote down their experiences, but there’s no support for the idea that as many as 3 million people left Egypt for Canaan.
    .
    The number of people described in the bible is about the total number of people in Egypt at the time, so their departure would have utterly destroyed the economy and society, leaving it open to plundering from nearby countries and tribes, but Egypt was the superpower of the day with the largest army in history – about 100,000 fighting men, but somehow the Israelites with 600,000 fighting men were subservient to them… This does not compute…
    .
    The Church had to accept that the earth goes around the sun, and it has grudgingly accepted most aspects of evolution, thus turning the creation myth into an allegorical story. In time, they will have to figure out how to face the truth that the Exodus did not occur, and another two pillars of Yahweh’s foundation are washed out. What is Yahweh based on: the creation myth, a 2-person DNA bottleneck, a global flood, a mass Exodus from Egypt, and a conquest of Canaan. Non-religious scholars almost universally accept that these events were not historical, and that leaves Yahweh with no base to stand on….

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