With the justice system rife with abuse, there is still much work to be done to call the faithful to minister to prisoners, victims, and their families, Christian leaders maintained on Tuesday.
“We need to raise this as a priority within the Church," Karen Clifton, executive director of the Catholic Mobilizing Network to End the Death Penalty, told CNA of criminal justice reform and ministries to prisoners and their victims.
“Our Pope has been very outspoken about that, and spoken numerous times about our need to visit those imprisoned, and then accompany and journey with those that are affected by crime, all aspects, the perpetrators family, and the victims’ families," she continued.
Clifton was one of a number of Christian leaders who spoke out against injustice in the justice system during a June 20 press conference at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.
The panel included Dr. Russell Moore, president of the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention, as well as Harry Jackson of the International Communion of Evangelical Churches. They unveiled the “Justice Declaration," which calls for “a justice system that is fair and redemptive for all."
It also calls for Christians to be more active in advocating for more humane conditions in prisons, “proportional punishment" for offenders, better educational and economic opportunities for poor people as crime prevention, and to “invest in the discipleship" of prisoners.
Christians must “treat every human being as a person made in God’s own image, with a life worthy of respect, protection, and care," they stated.
“The Church has both the unique ability and unparalleled capacity to confront the staggering crisis of crime and incarceration in America and to respond with restorative solutions for communities, victims, and individuals responsible for crime," the declaration said.
Bishop Frank Dewane of Venice, chair of the U.S. bishops’ domestic justice and human development committee, is among the signatories, along with Karen Clifton.
Over-incarceration, racial disparity, and disproportionate sentencing are only some of the injustices that underscore the urgency for reform of the justice system, panel members insisted.
The U.S. is home to five percent of the world’s population, but holds 25 percent of the world’s prison population. 2.2 million are behind bars, leaving 2.7 million children with an incarcerated parent. African-Americans are incarcerated at a rate six times that of whites, according to the NAACP. 65 million Americans suffer from the collateral consequences of a conviction, which include difficulty in finding a job or renting a home even after they serve their prison sentence.
All this has produced a “crisis" to which the Christian community must respond, the leaders insisted.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church paragraph 2266 states that “punishment has the primary aim of redressing the disorder introduced by the offense. When it is willingly accepted by the guilty party, it assumes the value of expiation. Punishment then, in addition to defending public order and protecting people’s safety, has a medicinal purpose: as far as possible, it must contribute to the correction of the guilty party."
Pope Francis has also advocated for the eventual reintegration of prisoners into society, warning against only focusing on justice as an “instrument of punishment."
Criminal justice reform measures had been gaining bipartisan momentum at the federal level as members of Congress in both parties supported various policies like ending mandatory minimum sentencing and limiting the use of solitary confinement in federal prisons.
However, with the advent of the new administration that momentum has slowed.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions dropped the Obama administration’s “Smart on Crime" initiative and has directed prosecutors to pursue stricter mandatory minimum sentences, which reform advocates say gives judges less flexibility to adjust one’s sentence based on the details of their case.
“We believe that it removes from the judge the ability to do his or her job," James Ackerman, CEO of Prison Fellowship Ministries, said on Tuesday.
Christians are be on board with certain aspects of criminal justice reform, but for many there still remains a “disconnect" between their views on justice and reform of the justice system, Prison Fellowship claims in its report “Responding to Crime & Incarceration: a Call to the Church."
In a recent poll commissioned by Prison Fellowship, 88 percent of practicing Christians answered that the primary goal of the justice system should be “restoration for all involved: the victim, the community, and the person responsible for the crime."
However, in the same poll, 53 percent of practicing Christians answered that “it’s important to make an example out of someone for certain crimes" even if that entailed punishing them more harshly than they deserved.
“Disproportional punishment is not consistent with our values," Ackerman stated.
How can the Church better bridge this “disconnect" in polling answers?
The Church must educate laypeople on the importance of the issue, and mobilize them to act through parish ministries, Clifton insisted.
“I want to say, ‘where are our resources?’" she asked. “There is so little funding for prison ministry, for care for victims, for programs for victims," she said, and for incarceration prevention programs.
There is a “challenge to the churches to bring the stories to the pulpit," she said, “to convert those in the pews, and know that this is the Gospel message, to be a voice to the voiceless and to go to the margins and the peripheries and be present in accompanying those back into society."
Russell Moore, president of the Southern Baptist Convention’s public policy arm, agreed.
“Our criminal justice system exists in order to restrain evil, and in order to rehabilitate and to reform those who have committed crimes," he said.
If, however, the system “doesn’t stop crime, but in many cases actually furthers crime, making criminals out of those who are not yet criminals, ignoring those who have been victims of crime, not dealing with issues of addiction," he continued, “then we have a criminal justice system that doesn’t work and ought to be fixed."
“When we have family members who are left behind, waiting for those who are incarcerated and wondering if anyone remembers them, the church of Jesus Christ needs to be at the forefront of that," he said.
Harry Jackson maintained that Christians must be actively fighting the racial disparity in the justice system.
“In this hour of racial tension, the most important step of healing that we could take at this point is to deal with the fact that there is an increasing, permanent underclass that’s coming out of black and Hispanic people being incarcerated," he said, “and their lives being in a sense marked off the list of potential, or the list of achievers in our culture."
“We have the opportunity now to make a difference," he added. “I believe this is the most important civil rights step that we will take in our lifetimes."
By Matt Hadro