What is a spiritual communion? How does one make a spiritual communion?
Response: A spiritual communion is made when we fervently desire to receive Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament and then lovingly embrace Him as if we had received Him.
Discussion: A spiritual communion is made when we fervently desire to receive Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament and then lovingly embrace Him as if we had actually done
so. This can be done at Mass when for some reason we are not able to receive the Sacrament or at any time during the day. It is especially recommended when
we visit Jesus in the tabernacle or at Eucharistic adoration.
In his encyclical letter, Ecclesia de Eucharistia, Pope John Paul II wrote:
In the Eucharist, “unlike any other sacrament, the mystery [of communion] is so perfect that it brings us to the heights of every good thing: Here is the ultimate goal of every human desire, because here we attain God and God joins himself to us in the most perfect union." Precisely for this reason it is good to cultivate in our hearts a constant desire for the sacrament of the Eucharist. This was the origin of the practice of “spiritual communion," which has happily been established in the Church for centuries and recommended by saints who were masters of the spiritual life. St. Teresa of Jesus wrote: “When you do not receive communion and you do not attend Mass, you can make a spiritual communion, which is a most beneficial practice;
by it the love of God will be greatly impressed on you" [The Way of Perfection, Ch. 35.].1
Regarding prayers for spiritual communion, this “Act of Spiritual Communion" is found in the Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary’s Enchiridion of Indulgences:
My Jesus, I believe that you are in the Blessed Sacrament. I love you above all things, and I long for you in my soul. Since I cannot now receive you sacramentally, come at least spiritually into my heart. As though you have already come, I embrace you and unite myself entirely to you; never permit me to be separated from you. Amen.