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Who’s right about when the bread and wine become Christ’s body and blood?

Full Question

Both the Director of Religious Education and the pastor at my parish believe that the bread and wine do not become the body and blood of Christ at the words of institution, but over the whole Eucharistic Prayer. I disagree. Who’s right?


You are. How could transubstantiation occur over the whole Eucharistic Prayer, when, after the words of consecration of the host and chalice, the priest shows the sacred species to the people for adoration?

The answer is also in the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

CCC 1105:The Epiclesis ("invocation upon") is the intercession in which the priest begs the Father to send the Holy Spirit, the Sanctifier, so that the offerings may become the body and blood of Christ and that the faithful by receiving them, may themselves become a living offering to God. 
CCC 1353: In the institution narrative, the power of the words and the action of Christ, and the power of the Holy Spirit, make sacramentally present under the species of bread and wine Christ’s body and blood, his sacrifice offered on the cross once for all. 
CCC 1375: It is by the conversion of the bread and wine into Christ’s body and blood that Christ becomes present in this sacrament. The Church Fathers strongly affirmed the faith of the Church in the efficacy of the Word of Christ and of the action of the Holy Spirit to bring about this conversion. Thus St. John Chrysostom declares: "It is not man that causes the things offered to become the body and blood of Christ, but he who was crucified for us, Christ himself. The priest, in the role of Christ, pronounces these words, but their power and grace are God’s. This is my body, he says. This word transforms the things offered."



  1. ver maramara Reply

    The Holy Eucharist is pure and simple transubstantiation, from bread and wine to the body and blood of Christ. God created man from dust when He formed, breathed and gave life to the dust. Jesus turned the water into wine at the wedding in Cana. John introduces us to his gospel … “In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God.” Yes, that’s transubstantiation! Let’s simplify it, like John.

  2. David Petrowski Reply

    Make holy, therefore, these gifts, we pray,
    by sending down your Spirit upon them like the dewfall,
    so that they may become for us
    the Body and + Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. (Eucharistic Prayer II)

    Nowhere else in the Eucharistic Prayer does it ask God to transform the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.

  3. Ron Naquin, Instituted Acolyte Reply

    The words of consecration are an important part of the entire Eucharistic Prayer. So the “conversation” or changing of the bread and wine to the body and blood of Christ is not complete until the Eucharistic Prayers are completed by the priest.

  4. Allan Gomes Reply

    Its been proved also The Miracle of Lanciano dates back to the eighth century when a monk who had doubts about the Real presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist, found when he said the words of consecration at Mass, that the bread and wine changed into flesh and blood. It has been certified by the Catholic Church as a Eucharistic miracle.During the Mass, when he said the Words of Consecration (“This is my body. This is my blood”), with doubt in his soul, the priest is said to have seen the bread change into living flesh and the wine change into blood which coagulated into five globules, irregular and differing in shape and size (the number supposed to be correspondent to the number of wounds Christ suffered on the cross: one in each hand and foot from the nails, and the wound from the centurion’s spear).People who believed they had witnessed the miracle soon spread the news throughout the surrounding area, and the archbishop ordered an investigation. Church authorities certified the miracle. Since 1713 the Host-Flesh has been reserved in an artistic silver Ostensorium.


    Piazza Plebiscito, with the church of the miracle: San Francesco Sanctuary
    Since 1574, various investigations of varying degrees of detail have been conducted upon the elements:

    February 17, 1574 by Msgr. Antonio Gaspar Rodríguez
    1636 by Father Serafino from Scanno
    October 23, 1777 by Bishop Gervasone
    October 26, 1886 by Bishop Petrarca
    1971 and 1981, by Odoardo Linoli

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