One of the beautiful and consoling teachings of the Catholic Church is that each one of us has a Guardian Angel given to us by God to lead us on the path to salvation.
St. Basil the Great said,
“Beside each believer stands an Angel as protector and shepherd, leading him to life.”
Angels are bodiless spirits. They have an intellect and will, and they operate in specific ways to guide, protect, and influence us.
It is not only commendable, but also advisable, to invoke our Guardian Angels and learn how to recognize their promptings; however, there are a few dangers to avoid when seeking a closer relationship with them.
There is one particular persistent error among many Catholics when it comes to their Guardian Angels: trying to discover their name or identity, or assigning a name to them.
This is understandable, given that when humans form a relationship, knowing each other’s name is the first step. However, there is a distinction that must be acknowledged if we are to behave appropriately in respect to our Guardian Angels.
Among humans, we are equals; but this is is not the case between us and the mighty Heavenly Host.
Trying to discover the name of, or give a name to, our Guardian Angel is a bad idea for three main reasons:
The Vice of Curiosity
God created a multitude of angels, yet humans know the names of only three in Sacred Scripture: St. Gabriel, St. Michael, and St. Raphael.
Since this is what God revealed to us about the identity of specific angels, we should not try to discover the names of other angels. This knowledge is above our state, and to seek it out would not only be irreverent, but would mean falling into the vice of curiosity.
Sacred Scripture discusses humans trying to probe the names of angels, to no avail.
In the Book of Genesis, the patriarch Jacob unsuccessfully obtained the name of the mysterious being who wrestled with him in the desert. Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” He answered, “Why do you ask for my name?”
In the Book of Judges, an angel appeared to Samson’s mother.
She told her husband, “A man of God came to me; he had the appearance of an angel of God, fearsome indeed. I did not ask him where he came from, nor did he tell me his name. But he said to me, ‘You will conceive and bear a son…”
When the angel returned, Samson’s father asked him, “‘What is your name, that we may honor you when your words come true?’ The angel of the Lord answered him: Why do you ask my name? It is wondrous.”
Naming something claims authority over it.
In the Garden of Eden, God gave Adam dominion over the animals. As an exercise of Adam’s authority, God brought the animals to Adam so that he could give them a suitable name.
However, God only brought Adam the creatures that were of a lower nature than humans (or of the same nature, as in Eve’s case). God did not bring Adam creatures that were of a higher nature than humans, that is, the bodiless spirits.
Therefore, it is not within our authority to give names to, or to discover the names of, creatures that are of a higher created order than us.
Knowing an angel’s name discovers much more about their identity than knowing a human’s name.
Because angels are simple spirits, knowing their name is knowing their essence–the very core of their being and the purpose of their creation. This knowledge is for God alone, and those in heaven with whom He shares this knowledge.
The Church warns against this practice.
When attempting to discover the name of our Guardian Angel, we may look for signals from our angel. Of course, we could mistake many things for “signals” that would be nothing of the sort, and in the end, we would only be deluding ourselves.
Not only that, but just as we are always in the company of angels, so too are we in the company of demons.
If a demon sees us trying to discover our Guardian Angel’s name, and knows what we will mistake as signs (because they are brilliant deceivers), they can masquerade as angels of light and send false signals. If they observe that we follow their deception, they can lead us far astray.
This is why the saints divulged the supernatural occurrences in their lives to their confessor or spiritual director, to serve as a protection against demonic deception.
The Directory on Popular Piety and the Liturgy from the Holy See’s Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments says:
“The practice of assigning names to the Holy Angels should be discouraged, except in the cases of Gabriel, Raphael and Michael whose names are contained in Holy Scripture.”
In summary, because mankind are lower than the angels, it is not for us to assume a higher place by attempting to name or discover the name of the angels who are assigned to serve and guide us. The Church discourages this practice for our own protection.
Like all ill-advised attempts to inappropriately communicate with the spirit world, doing so can open us up to demonic influence, which God could permit in order to teach us a lesson in humility.
Your angel does have a name, but it is a mysterious and holy name.
There is a reason why God chose not to let every soul know their angel’s name. It might seem odd to us, but we don’t need to worry; all we need to know is that we have the amazing gift of a Guardian Angel who is always there for us.
For these reasons, it is clear that it is not our rightful place to know more about our angels than God has revealed to us. It is for our own good. But that doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t become acquainted with them.
Seek the guidance of your Guardian Angel daily through prayer, learn how to love him and follow his lead, but don’t try to know his mighty name!
As St. John Vianney said,