In what ways is Christ present in the Mass?
Response: At Mass Christ is present in the priest, in sacred scripture, in the congregation, and in the Eucharist. Among these, Christ’s presence in the Eucharist is preeminent.


In its Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, the Second Vatican Council addresses the different ways Christ is present in the liturgy:
To accomplish so great a work, Christ is always present in His Church, especially in her liturgical celebrations. He is present in the Sacrifice of the Mass not only in the person of His minister, “the same now offering, through the ministry of priests, who formerly offered himself on the cross,” but especially in the Eucharistic species. By His power He is present in the sacraments, so that when anybody baptizes it is really Christ Himself who baptizes. He is present in His word since it is He himself who speaks when the holy scriptures are read in the Church. He is present, lastly, when the Church prays and sings, for He promised “Where two or three are gathered together in my name there am I in the midst of them” (Sacrosanctum Concilium, no. 7).

The Catechism of the Catholic Church also affirms the distinctive and preeminent presence of Christ in the Eucharist:
“Christ Jesus, who died, yes, who was raised from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who indeed intercedes for us,” is present in many ways to his Church [Rom. 8:34]: in his word, in his Church’s prayer, “where two or three are gathered in my name” [Mt.18:20], in the poor, the sick, and the imprisoned, in the sacraments of which he is the author, in the sacrifice of the Mass, and in the person of the minister. But “he is present. . . most especially in the Eucharistic species” (no. 1373).

The mode of Christ’s presence under the Eucharistic species is unique. It raises the Eucharist above all the sacraments, for it is “the perfection of the spiritual life and the end to which all the sacraments tend.” In the most Blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist, “the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ and, therefore, the whole Christ is truly, really and substantially contained.” “This presence is called ‘real’—by which is not intended to exclude the other types of presence as if they could not be ‘real’ too, but because it is presence in the fullest sense: that is to say, it is a substantial presence by which Christ, God and man, makes himself wholly and entirely present” (no. 1374).

Because the Eucharist is Christ, Vatican II describes it as the source and summit of the whole Christian life (Lumen Gentium, no. 11), and that is why it is the preeminent mode of Christ’s presence in the liturgy. The whole of salvation history is bound up in His Eucharistic Presence.


  • To the Faithful no explanation is necessary. To the faithless no explanation will do.

    • Kathryn Wilks says:

      Herman,that is such a perfect explanation!

    • Vince Aratia says:

      yes…. the explanation above won’t work to them.

    • Ramon says:

      Amen to that, brother!!! This is what FAITH is all about.

    • Eric says:

      Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect. (1 Peter 3:16)
      …So “that the submission of our faith might nevertheless be in accordance with reason, God willed that external proofs of his Revelation should be joined to the internal helps of the Holy Spirit.” …the assent of faith is “by no means a blind impulse of the mind”. (CCC 156)
      “Though faith is above reason, there can never be any real discrepancy between faith and reason. Since the same God who reveals mysteries and infuses faith has bestowed the light of reason on the human mind, God cannot deny himself, nor can truth ever contradict truth.”… (CCC 159)

    • Martin Heltai says:

      This article reinforces faith, but is in no way “proof” of god’s existence or Jesus’s presence.

    • Marie Njambi says:

      So so true

    • Flora says:

      Well said. To those who believe,no explanation is necessary and to those who do explanation will not mean anything.

  • JChrist is always present in the Mass through the presence of the Priest especially in Ewtn Mass everyday 5:00 +9:00 Am 4:00 +9:00 Pm

  • I realize hes there I don’t need to see proof , and I know each time
    I go to communion .

  • Hernan Moreno..yes to d faithful no xplanatin is needed noe to the faithless either but to the gullible the shaking the one who is like the ethiopian on the road to damascus and to millions in all corners of the earth reading thisor who wuld hear to d yet unborn and above all 4 the sake if Xts injunctions as he was being covered in d clouds on Asscession Day over 2000 yr ago ..everything is .THIS XPLANATN IS

  • Leolaydz says:

    Our Lord is always present in the Holy Eucharist, when the bread and wine become the body and blood of our Lord through Trans substantiation…This is our Faith….

  • Prima Barba says:

    The Lord is present in all aspect.. Be in holy mass.. In a person with a contrite heart & all of the Faithful… To the Faithless .. They should embrace God … For without Him .. We are Nothing here on earth…Amen…

  • Dan Solis says:

    The love of God is a love for all , even our enemies and detractors.

  • Denis Ho says:

    As a infant,i was baptized as a catholic.I come from Malaysia and my Parish is The Assumption church.We can feel Christ presence if the person have faith in him.I believe during mass,christ is there during mass,He lived in us.

  • Fe Oro-Noval says:

    Really God is present in the Holy Eucharist I could sense the oneness during communion receiving Him with teary eyes and feeling of joy in my heart

  • Cathy says:

    Is there afterlife after someone who passed?

  • Saint Mother Theresa would see Jesus in every person specially the poor unwanted …
    Its defficult outside Mass to experience Jesus (i mean during Mass i feel so holy out from the church i become so ordinary (usual-self) ) …sorry Lord.

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