Why was it necessary for Jesus to have been born of a woman?

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Why was it necessary for Jesus to have been born of a woman?


Vatican II responds:

The Father of mercies willed that the Incarnation should be preceded by assent on the part of the predestined Mother, so that just as a woman had a share in bringing about death, so also a woman should contribute to life. This is preeminently true of the Mother of Jesus, who gave to the world the Life that renews all things, and who was enriched by God with gifts appropriate to such a role. (Lumen Gentium 56)

She is the virgin woman whom the prophet Isaiah said would conceive and bear a son (cf. Is 7:14; Mt 1:23). And she is Mary, who, being immaculately conceived, remained sinless. It was through her consent—and her humility as handmaid of the Lord—that she gave Jesus his body, and his body is what saved us.
Pope John Paul II wrote in Mulieris Dignitatem:

"When the time had fully come, God sent forth his son, born of woman." With these words of his Letter to the Galatians (4:4), the apostle Paul links together the principal moments that essentially determine the fulfillment of the mystery "pre-determined in God" (cf. Eph 1:9). The Son, the Word, one in substance with the Father, becomes man, born of a woman, at "the fullness of time." This event leads to the turning point of man’s history on earth, understood as salvation history. It is significant that St. Paul does not call the Mother of Christ by her own name "Mary," but calls her "woman": This coincides with the words of the Protoevangelium in the book of Genesis (cf. 3:15). She is that "woman" who is present in the central salvific event, which marks the "fullness of time": this event is realized in her and through her. (MD 3)


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  1. Luke 1
    37 For no word from God will ever fail.”
    38 “I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May your word to me be fulfilled.” Then the angel left her.
    Mary’s Song
    46And Mary said:
    “My soul glorifies the Lord
    47and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,
    48for he has been mindful
    of the humble state of his servant.
    From now on all generations will call me blessed,
    49for the Mighty One has done great things for me—
    holy is his name.
    50His mercy extends to those who fear him,
    from generation to generation.
    51He has performed mighty deeds with his arm;
    he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.
    52He has brought down rulers from their thrones
    but has lifted up the humble.
    53He has filled the hungry with good things
    but has sent the rich away empty.
    54He has helped his servant Israel,
    remembering to be merciful
    55to Abraham and his descendants forever,
    just as he promised our ancestors.”
    Genesis 3
    14 So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this,
    “Cursed are you above all livestock
    and all wild animals!
    You will crawl on your belly
    and you will eat dust
    all the days of your life.
    15And I will put enmity
    between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring and hers;
    HE will crush your head,
    and you will strike HIS heel.”
    John 8
    “Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!”
    1 Peter 1
    20 He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. 21Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and glorified him, and so your faith and hope are in God.
    Acts 4
    11 Jesus is “ ‘the stone you builders rejected, which has become the cornerstone.’
    12 Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to mankind by which we must be saved.”
    Philippians 2
    5 In your relationships with one another, have the same mindset as Christ Jesus:
    6 Who, being in very naturea God,
    did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage;
    7 rather, he made himself nothing
    by taking the very nature of a servant,
    being made in human likeness.
    8 And being found in appearance as a man,
    he humbled himself
    by becoming obedient to death—
    even death on a cross!
    9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place
    and gave him the name that is above every name,
    10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow,
    in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
    11 and every tongue acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord,
    to the glory of God the Father.
    1 Corinthians 15
    26 The last enemy to be destroyed is death. 27 For he “has put everything under his feet.”c Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ. 28 When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.
    Psalm 90
    1 Lord, you have been our dwelling place
    throughout all generations.
    2 Before the mountains were born
    or you brought forth the whole world,
    from everlasting to everlasting you are God.
    3 You turn people back to dust,
    saying, “Return to dust, you mortals.”
    4 A thousand years in your sight
    are like a day that has just gone by,
    or like a watch in the night.
    John 14 Jesus is speaking:
    30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He has no hold over me, 31 but he comes so that the world may learn that I LOVE THE FATHER and do exactly what my Father has commanded me.
    “Come now; let us leave.

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Written by Raphael Benedict

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